V???i c??c phi??n b???n Ubuntu hi???n nay khi c??i ?????t r???t d??? c?? l???i v?? m???t h???t d??? li???u m??y t??nh n???u c??i kh??ng ????ng c??ch, m??nh c??ng ???? t???ng b??? 1 l???n n??n c?? kinh nghi???m ? . Th???c ra vi???c c??i Ubuntu song song v???i Windows (t??ch bi???t ho??n to??n v???i Windows, kh??ng ph??? thu???c l???n nhau) kh?? ????n gi???n, c??c phi??n b???n Ubuntu t??? 11.10 tr??? ??i c??i ?????u gi???ng nhau, h?????ng d???n ??? d?????i d??nh cho t???t c??? c??c phi??n b???n Ubuntu mu???n c??i song song v???i windows 7, 8, XP.

C??c ??i???m l??u ?? tr?????c khi c??i Ubuntu theo h?????ng d???n n??y

  • H?????ng d???n n??y m??nh th???c hi???n tr??n m??y t??nh ??ang d??ng ??? c???ng theo chu???n MBR, v???i m??y t??nh d??ng chu???n GPT l??m theo h?????ng d???n n??y c?? th??? s??? b??? l???i. C??c b???n xem??th??m: c??ch ki???m tra ??? c???ng m??y t??nh chu???n GPT hay MBR
  • ????? an to??n t???t nh???t c??c b???n h??y sao l??u d??? li???u quan tr???ng qua m??y t??nh ho???c thi???t b??? l??u tr??? kh??c (????? ph??ng r???i ro ch??? c??ch c??i n??y kh??ng l??m m???t d??? li???u b???n nh?? :D)

??u ??i???m khi c??i Ubuntu song song v???i windows b???ng USB

  • Ubuntu ???????c c??i t??ch bi???t ho??n to??n v???i Windows, khi windows b??? l???i kh??ng ???nh h?????ng t???i Ubuntu.
  • Kh??ng t???n ti???n ghi file c??i Ubuntu ra USB
  • R???t ti???n d???ng v?? USB ???????c h???u h???t c??c m??y t??nh h??? tr??? c??n ??? ????a CD th?? t??y m??y.

Chu???n b??? tr?????c khi c??i Ubuntu

  • USB dung l?????ng t??? 2 GB tr??? l??n (v???i 1 s??? phi??n b???n Ubuntu 32 bit c?? th??? d???ng USB 1GB)
  • File .ISO c??i ?????t Ubuntu, c??c b???n c?? th??? t???i phi??n b???n m???i nh???t ?????http://www.ubuntu.com/download/desktop ho???c ch???n c??c phi??n b???n Ubuntu kh??c m?? b???n th??ch. Tuy nhi??n theo m??nh, c??c b???n n??n b???n c??ch b???n Ubuntu??LTS (c?? ch??? ???LTS??? th?? ???????c Ubuntu h??? tr??? n??ng c???p trong 4 n??m ti???p theo th?? ph???i, m??nh kh??ng nh??? r?? s??? n??m :D). Phi??n b???n??Ubuntu 14.04.1 LTS l?? t???t nh???t hi???n nay, c??c b???n c?? m??y t??nh RAM tr??n 3GB th?? n??n c??i 64 bit v???i c??c phi??n b???n Ubuntu 12.04 tr??? l??n.
  • Ph???n m???m USB installer

H?????ng d???n c??i Ubuntu song song v???i Windows chi ti???t b???ng h??nh ???nh

1. T???o USB Boot c??i Ubuntu

Tr?????c ti??n b???n h??y t???t c??c ph???n m???m di???t Virus ??ang ch???y tr??n m??y t??nh ??i, v?? khi Boot USB th?? file c??i h??? ??i???u h??nh Ubuntu c?? 1 file Autorun, file n??y b??? c??c ph???n m???m di???t virus cho l?? ?????c h???i (nh??ng ??? ????y file c??i H??H ch???c ch???n kh??ng ?????c h???i nh?? :D) n??n s??? x??a ??i, l??m cho qu?? t??nh Boot USB thi???t file Autorun d???n ?????n kh??ng d??ng c??i H??H ???????c.

Sau ????, b???n m??? ph???n m???m USB installer m???i download ??? b?????c chu???n b??? l??n nh???p v??o ???I Agree???.

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C???a s??? m???i hi???n l??n, t???i Step 1 b???n ch???n Ubuntu, t???i Step 2 b???n nh???p v??o Browse t??m ???????ng d???n??t???i file .iso c??i Ubuntu ???? t???i ??? b?????c chu???n b???, t???i Step 3 b???n ch???n t??n USB c???a b???n v?? click ch???n ???Web will format???.??? sau ???? c??c b???n nh???p v??o Create ????? ph???n m???m b???t ?????u qu?? tr??nh Boot USB. Trong th???i gian ch??? ?????i b???n c?? th??? th???c hi???n b?????c 2.

2

Sau khi qu?? tr??nh Boot USB th??nh c??ng b???n ch??? c???n nh???p v??o Close.

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2. T???o ph??n v??ng c??i Ubuntu

?????u ti??n b???n v??o My computer nh???p chu???t ph???i v??o My computer tr??n windows 7 ho???c This PC tr??n Windows 8 ch???n??Manage

4

Trong c???a s??? ti???p theo c??c b???n nh???p ch???n Management ?????i kho???ng 1 ph??t th?? danh s??ch c??c ??? ????a v?? th??ng tin c??c ??? ????a s??? hi???n th??? l??n??( ??? c???a s??? n??y c??c b???n c?? th??? t??ch gh??p, g???p, x??a c??c ??? ????a ^^). C??c b???n h??y t??m ??? ????a c??n d?? dung l?????ng l???n ????? ????? c??i Ubuntu (15GB l?? d?? s???c d??ng :D) nh???p chu???t ph???i v??o ??? ????a ???? v?? ch???n Shrink Volume?????????? t???o ph??n v??ng tr???ng??d??ng ????? c??i Ubuntu.

DS

phan vung

M???t c???a s??? m???i hi???n l??n, ph???n Enter the amount of space to Shrink in MB cho b???n ??i???n dung l?????ng ph??n v??ng c??i Ubuntu, c??c b???n c?? th??? ch???n 20GB l?? d??ng v?? t??, nh??ng m??y m??nh tr???ng nhi???u n??n m??nh ch???n 50GB lu??n :D. C??c b???n c?? th??? ??i???n theo MB t??y th??ch ho???c mu???n s??? ?????p th?? d??ng 1024*(s??? GB) s??? ???????c dung l?????ng ?????p. ??? ????y m??nh dunngf 1024*50 l?? 51200MB. Sau ???? b???n nh???p v??o Shrink

chon dung luong

K???t qu??? l?? b???n thu ???????c 1 ph??n v??ng tr???ng ????ng 50GB. Nh?? v???y l?? ch??ng ta ho??n th??nh b?????c 2. B???n h??y kh???i ?????ng l???i m??y v?? ti???n t???i b?????c 3.

Xong

3. Ti???n h??nh c??i Ubuntu

[ads][/ads]B???n h??y c???m USB ???? ???????c Boot ??? b?????c 1 v??o m??y t??nh, n???u b???n th???c hi???n Boot USB tr??n m??y t??nh c???a b???n th?? ????? nguy??n. Sau ???? b???n kh???i ?????ng l???i m??y t??nh v?? nh???n n??t F9, F12, F8 ho???c c??c ph??m t???t kh??c ????? v??o Boot Option. C??c b???n c?? th??? xem chi ti???t t???i??https://huongdanmaytinh.com/phim-tat-truy-cap-vao-bios-va-boot-option.html. Sau ???? c??c b???n c??c ph??m m??i t??n l??n xu???ng v?? n??t Enter ch???n USB Storage Device (t??y theo m??y t??nh c?? th??? hi???n th??? kh??c nhau, nh??ng c??c b???n c??? ch???n ph???n n??o c?? ch??? USB, n???u c?? nhi???u ph???n USB b???n h??y ch???n l???n l?????t, n???u v???n kh??ng ???????c th?? ch???n ph???n c?? ch??? CD)

USB

C???a ??? m???i hi???n l??n c??c b???n ch???n Install Ubuntu

install ubuntu

V??o ph???n c??i ?????t, ?????u ti??n b???n ch???n ng??n ng???, c?? th??? ch???n Ti???ng Vi???t ho???c ti???ng Anh, ??? ????y m??nh ch???n ti???ng Anh sau ???? nh???p v??o continues.

ch???n ng??n ng???

T???i c???a s??? ti???p theo s??? c?? 2 t??y ch???n Download updates while installing gi??p b???n c???p nh???p Ubuntu trong qu?? tr??nh c??i ?????t (n???u c?? internet) v?? install this third-party software c??i ?????t th??m 1 s??? ph???n m???m c???a b??n th??? 3 (c??i n??y m??nh c??ng ch??a r?? c??? th??? l?? nh???ng ph???n m???m n??o nh??ng ?????i lo???i l?? gi??p nghe nh???c, xem phim t???t h??n th?? ph???i, c??i n??y c?? v??? t???t, m??nh ch???n n??). N???u ch???n 2 m???c n??y th?? c??i s??? ch???m h??n khi kh??ng ch???n, theo m??nh c??c b???n n??n ch???n c??? 2 n???u c?? th???i gian v?? m???ng m???nh, n???u kh??ng th?? b???n ch???n m???c th??? hai v?? b??? ch???n m???c th??? nh???t. N???u c???n th?? Update sau c??ng ???????c. Sau ???? b???n nh???p ch???n Continues.

T??y ch???n

C???a s??? ti???p theo cho b???n 1 s??? t??y ch???n nh?? Install Ubuntu alongside windows 8??(c??i c??ng windows nh??ng kh??ng t??ch bi???t) hay Replace Windows 8 with Ubuntu??(c??i thay th??? ho??n to??n Windows, x??a windows 8 v?? to??n b??? d??? li???u m??y t??nh). Nh??ng ??? ????y m??nh mu???n c??i song song, t??ch bi???t ho??n to??n v???i Windows v?? d??? l???i d??? li???u do ???? m??nh ch???n Something else v?? nh???p v??o Continues

ch???n c??i t??y ch???n

C??c b?????c ti???p theo???????C BI???T QUAN TR???NG??n??n b???n c???n ?????c k??? h?????ng d???n v?? nh??n k??? h??nh, th??nh b???i l?? ??? ????y ? . C???a s??? ti???p theo b???n s??? th???y ph??n v??ng tr???ng m?? b???n ???? t???o, ??? ????y ph??n v??ng c???a m??nh l?? 50GB. B???n h??y ch???n ph??n v??ng ???? sau ???? nh???p v??o d???u c???ng.

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M???t c???a s??? m???i hi???n ra, ??? ????y b???n c???n??t???o ph??n v??ng Swap cho Ubuntu ( ???????c d??ng ????? h??? tr??? Ram khi Ram kh??ng ?????, d??ng linux y??u c???u ph???i c?? ph??n v??ng n??y). Theo khuy???n c??o c???a Ubuntu th?? n??n ch???n dung l?????ng ph??n v??ng Swap g???p ????i dung l?????ng Ram, do??Ram m??y m??nh l?? 4GB n??n m??nh s??? t???o ph??n v??ng l?? 8GB. 8*1024=8192 (1 GB = 1024MB) n??n m??nh ch???n 8192 MB. ph???n Type for the New partition b???n ch???n Logical, ph???n Localtion for the new partition b???n ch???n Beginning of this space v?? ph???n Use as b???n ch???n Swap area sau ???? nh???p OK.

12

Ti???p theo b???n s??? thu ???????c 1 ??? ????a c?? ph??n v??ng Swap v???a t???o, b???n l???i ti???p t???c ch???n ph??n v??ng tr???ng free space v?? nh???p v??o d???u c???ng.

13

T???i ????y, ph???n Size c??c b???n gi??? nguy??n ????? n?? d??ng h???t dung l?????ng c??n l???i c???a ph??n v??ng tr???ng, ph???n Type for the new partition b???n ch???n Primary, ph???n Location for the new partition b???n ch???n Beginning of this space, ph???n Use as b???n ch???n Ext4 journaling File sytem v?? ph???n Mount point b???n ch???n ???/??? sau ???? click??OK.

14

B??y gi??? b???n nh???p v??o ph??n v??ng v???a t???o c?? Type l?? Ext4 sau ???? click Install now

15

Nh?? v???y l?? qua ph???n ???nguy hi???m??? nh???t r???i :D, b??y gi??? ch??ng ta nh??? nh??ng nh???p v??o th??nh ph??? H??? Ch?? Minh ????? ch???n gi??? Vi???t Nam v?? ch???n Continue.

16

Ti???p theo b???n??ch???n ki???u b??n ph??m, d?? l??c ?????u b???n ch???n ng??n ng??? ti???ng Vi???t hay ti???ng Anh th?? b???n v???n ch???n ki???u b??n ph??m l?? English(US) nh??, sau ???? l???i click Continue.

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B??y gi??? ch??ng ta ??i???n th??ng tin ????ng nh???p t??i kho???n bao g???m t??n ng?????i d??ng, t??n m??y t??nh, t??n user v?? m???t kh???u, b???n c?? th??? ch???n Log in automotically??n???u b???n kh??ng mu???n nh???p m???t kh???u m???i l???n kh???i ?????ng v??o Ubuntu, sau ???? l???i nh???p Continue ?

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B??y gi??? c??c b???n c??? c???m m??y ????? ????, qu?? t??nh Ubuntu s??? t??? ?????ng c??i v?? sau khi ho??n t???t n?? s??? hi???n th??ng b??o k??u b???n kh???i ?????ng l???i m??y v?? s??? d???ng n??.

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ho??n th??nh

Sau khi c??i xong th?? m???i l???n b???n kh???i ?????ng l???i m??y th?? Ubuntu s??? ??u ti??n hi???n th??? l??n tr?????c, n???u b???n kh??ng c?? t??y ch???nh g?? th?? m??y t??nh s??? Login v??o Ubuntu ch??? kh??ng ph???i windows, ????? v??o Windows th?? trong 5 gi??y ?????u c??c b???n ch???n Windows 8 (loader) (c?? th??? l?? windows 7 ho???c XP n???u m??y b???n d??ng H??H ????).

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L??u ??: N???u m??y t??nh c???a b???n khi kh???i ?????ng Grub m?? kh??ng th???y Windows (loader) ho???c b???n mu???n ??u ti??n kh???i ?????ng t??? Windows tr?????c th?? b???n c?? th??? l??m theo h?????ng d???n??c??i Grub customizer ????? ch???nh s???a grub tr??n Ubuntu

H?????ng d???n ??u ti??n kh???i ?????ng Windows tr?????c Ubuntu

M???c ?????nh do Ubuntu c??i sau n??n n?? s??? ???????c kh???i ?????ng tr?????c Windows. Nh??ng th??ng th?????ng ch??ng ta r???t ??t khi d??ng Ubuntu so v???i Windows n??n v???n mu???n Boot Menu m???c ?????nh l?? Windows v?? ??u ti??n kh???i ?????ng Windows khi m??? m??y. ????? l??m ??i???u ???? c??c b???n ph???i t???i??EasyBCD 2.2??v?? c??i ?????t. ??Sau khi c??i v?? m??? l??n c??c b???n th???c hi???n c??c b?????c sau:

B?????c 1: C??c b???n click??v??o BCD Deployment. ??? ????y c?? 2 tr??y ch???n, n???u windows b???n ??ang d??ng l?? Windows XP th?? c??c b???n ch???n Install the Windows XP bootloader to the MBR, n???u b???n ??ang d??ng c??c windows Vista/7/8 th?? c??c b???n ch???n Install the Windows Vista/7 bootloader to the MBR. Sau ???? b???n click v??o Write MBR

1

B?????c 2: C??c b???n click v??o Add New Entry, t???i Operating Systems b???n ??i???n c??c t??y ch???n gi???n h??nh d?????i: type ch???n GRUB 2, Name ??i???n t??n b???t k??? (n??n ghi l?? Ubuntu cho d??? nh???n bi???t), Drive b???n nh???p ch???n ph??n v??ng ch??nh c???a Ubuntu d???a v??o dung l?????ng v?? ch??? Linux (khi c??i c?? t???o ra 2 ph??n v??ng Swap v?? ph??n v??ng ch??nh, ??? ????y b???n ch???n ph??n v??ng ch??nh). Sau ???? b???n click v??o Add Entry.

2

B?????c 3: C??c b???n nh???p v??o Edit Boot Menu.??? ????y b???n s??? th???y danh s??ch c??c h??? ??i???u h??nh (H??H) c?? tr??n m??y t??nh m?? windows nh???n bi???t ???????c. ??? m???i h??? ??i???u h??nh s??? c?? ph???n ch???n Yes, No ????? ch???n H??H m???c ?????nh kh???i ?????ng. H??? ??i???u h??nh n??o ???????c ch???n Yes th?? m??y t??nh ??u ti??n kh???i ?????ng v??o h??? ??i???u h??nh ????, ??? ????y m??nh ??u ti??n Windows n??n ch???n H??H windows Yes.

T???i m???c TimeOut Options??c?? 3 t??y ch???n:

  1. Wait for user selection s??? hi???n th??? danh s??ch c??c h??? ??i???u h??nh l??c kh???i ?????ng cho b???n ch???n
  2. Coutn down from s??? hi???n th??? danh s??ch c??c H??H cho b???n ch???n trong th???i gian s??? gi??y m?? b???n ??nh???p v??o, n???u qu?? th???i gian ???? m??y t??nh s??? kh???i ?????ng v??o H??H m???c ?????nh Yes ph??a tr??n.
  3. Skip the boot menu th?? m??y t??nh s??? kh???i ?????ng tr???c ti???p v??o H??H m???c ?????nh m?? kh??ng ?????i b???n ch???n H??H

3